Lisa Owen

If you know only one thing about Egypt, it will be the existence of the Pyramids of Giza.


When I saw the Pyramids in person, it was very surreal. You grow up learning about the Pyramids at school. Hearing about this grand feat of engineering and the theories about how they were built. A trip to Egypt wasn’t part of my travel plans this year – in fact, I’d always just said ‘one day’ - but on a recommendation from a fellow traveller combined with coming across a heavily discounted tour, I booked a flight to Cairo. On the second day of my tour, I stood face to face with the Pyramids. I sat on the Pyramids, gazing up at the giant stone blocks and feeling very small. You could hear camels in the distance; scarves and pyramid statues were waved in my face by market vendors; foreigners took photos of me and I posed for a photo with an Egyptian family.

The sun beat down on my face and arms as I vainly tried to retreat from the sun and seek some shade. There was not a single hint of breeze in the desert landscape. But you could forget the heat and the touts as you took in the scale of the Pyramids and the Sphinx standing tall in the golden sand and wonder how the Egyptians built them so many thousands of years ago. The Pyramids are located in the Libyan Desert in the town of Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo. The first pyramid you come to is the Great Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu. Behind it is the Pyramid of Khafre which still has its original limestone covering at its peak. The third pyramid is Menkaure.

The Pyramids

You can get a good photo of all three of the pyramids from the panorama point next to the Camel Station. You can also go inside the pyramids to take a look. The Pyramid of Menkaure is your cheapest option and costs $A4 to enter. It’s a steep descent and not for anyone with claustrophobia.
The Great Sphinx is located to the east of the Pyramids. These days, Egypt is still struggling to attract tourists after the 2011 revolution. The Pyramids was strangely one of the least touristy sites on my visit to Egypt, and you’re sure to get a photo without being photobombed.

The Pyramids

If you want a ride a camel at the Pyramids, make sure you do it from the official Camel Station at the panorama point. The other camel operators are not official and very likely to overcharge. A common trick is to quote a figure to take you out there, but they will ask for more money once you have travelled about 20 minutes in the desert and want to get back. The figure quoted by the camel handlers in the official Camel Station is for a return trip and you pay at the end. Expect to pay no more than 100 Egyptian Pounds (about $A8).

Camel Rides in the Desert

You can also see the Pyramids under the night sky at the Sound and Light Show. The one hour show is held every night from the seating area near the Sphinx and tells the story of the Pyramids complex. The English show is held from 7 pm between October and April, and from 7.30pm between May and September.

Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum is another must see in Cairo. The museum contains more than 160,000 artefacts throughout its 107 halls – with some items dating back 5,000 years.

Egyptian Museum

Most of the objects relate to the time of the Pharaohs, and highlights include the Mummy’s Room containing many of the New Kingdom royal mummies, as well as the treasures found in Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s tomb - including the famous gold mask found on Tutankhamun’s mummy. The Mummy’s Room cost $A8 to enter on top of your museum ticket. You can do the museum yourself as explanation boards are in English as well as Arabic. The museum is open from 9 am to 7 pm. Entry is $A4.

Cairo Bazaar

The Cairo Bazaar, locally known as Khan el-Khalili - is a sensory overload of colour and sound. The souk is a maze of winding streets and is popular with both tourists and locals.

Be careful what you buy here as it is mostly fake. For example, the Egyptian cotton is not the real deal, neither is the papyrus. It’s best just to stick to small souvenirs in any of the Egyptian markets you come across. But it’s fun to look. After a few days in Egypt you will get used to the constant hassling trying to sell your stuff and it becomes white noise. But there’s some entertainment value in hearing what the vendors come up with to try and engage you in conversation. I was asked how many hearts I’d broken and told I was worth one million camels. They can certainly spot the Australians and New Zealanders – we often heard ‘Oi, Oi, Oi’ as we walked along. The guys we were travelling in our tour were told repeatedly they were lucky men with their many ‘wives’. The best thing to do is simply ignore the vendors if you’re not interested in their wares. Don’t even say no thanks as it will lead to a conversation that is hard to escape.

Old Cairo

The streets of Old Cairo are worth a look during your trip to Egypt. First stop should be the Babylon Fortress, followed by the Hanging Church. The Hanging Church is so named as it does not have solid foundations. It hangs about the fortress on several pillars. I’ve seen many churches in my travels but this one is slightly different to others largely due to its wooden roof shaped like Noah’s Ark. It’s free to enter.

Citadel in Cairo

Know Before You Go

Egypt is not a walk in the park and even as a seasoned traveller on tour, I found it was quite a culture shock – particularly in Cairo. Egypt can be hard work - even on an organised tour because of persistent bazaar merchants, poor roads and long distances. These are the things I wish I’d known before I went to Egypt, and helpful tips I learnt along the way that will help prepare anyone planning to visit.

My first piece of advice is – it’s safe to come to Egypt – but on an organised tour. The biggest issue with Egypt is that most of it is desert meaning there are many isolated areas, and roads can close at short notice. There are also many people trying to take advantage of tourists – such as taxi drivers, camel handlers, guards at tourist sites, and felucca masters. It’s possible to do Egypt on your own, but it will be more comfortable, more efficient and safer to do so on a tour.

The roads are in a very poor condition in Egypt. They’re narrow, bumpy and there’s lots of speed bumps It takes a long time to get anywhere due to the road conditions and checkpoints. Checkpoints are located every few hours along the road between Cairo and Luxor and entry points into major cities. There can often be delays at the checkpoints. If you’re prone to motion sickness, come prepared with travel sickness tablets. I am very prone to getting car sick, but managed to get through fine with some medication.

It’s not advisable to roam city areas in Egypt on your own – particularly as a female. Safety in numbers really applies here. This is largely to minimise how much you get hassled to buy stuff or give money. Don’t think you can just blend in and you wont’ be hassled. Most often, you will likely be the only foreigners on the street. When walking with my group in Aswan through the Tourist Market one morning, we didn’t see a single other foreigner in the hour or so we were there.

Things You Should Know:

  • All tourist sites require you to pass your belongings through an X-Ray machine. The machines are ancient and may harm electronic equipment such as your phone, camera or GoPro. You are allowed to pass electronic equipment over the top of the machines and grab them after you pass through the screening yourself.
  • At tourist sites, toilets cost 1 Egyptian pound, and it’s preferable in coin form rather than the 1 pound note. Often toilet guards may ask you as you leave for more money but ignore them once you’ve paid.
  • Guards at tourist sites are after tips and will do what they can to get them. You will be asked for a tip if they appear in a photo (they may even just step into a photo), or if they tell you information about a site. You may think they're helpful, but they will ask for money.
  • Many of the temples do not permit photography inside the temple – even without flash.
  • It’s tough to change Egyptian Pounds to other currencies even at the airport – you can only change money into Egyptian Pounds. So essentially you have to use up all your Egyptian Pounds before you leave the country.
  • At all tourist sites, you will get harassed to buy souvenirs. Mostly it’s just yelling out, but some vendors are more aggressive than others and try and block your way to try and get you to look at their wares. The best thing to do is ignore them – it may seem rude, but it's best to keep on walking and not engage in conversation, not even a "no, thanks".
  • Do not drink the water in Egypt. Bottled water is readily available and is best bought from supermarkets or convenience stores.
  • Egyptian food can be hard on sensitive stomachs. Make sure you pack plenty of Imodium and GastroStop just in case. If you know you have a sensitive stomach, avoid salads and fruits you can’t peel as they may have been washed in the water.
  • Foreigners are often more famous than the sites dating back hundreds of years. My tour group became celebrities – especially those with blonde or red hair. We had many photos taken of us and were asked to have our picture taken with many people – men, women and families.


Lisa Owen is a pint-sized Australian following her dreams to travel to as many places as she can, and loves to share her photography, travel hacks, hiking adventures, and food discoveries along the way. At last count, she has travelled to more than 40 countries in between working in public relations and discovering hidden gems in Australia's great outdoors. Instagram: @_thelittleadventurer Facebook: The Little Adventurer Australia

The views, opinions and positions expressed by the author and those providing comments are theirs alone, and are meant as travel inspiration only. They do not reflect the opinions of Cover-More Insurance. You should always read the PDS available from your travel insurance provider to understand the limits, exclusions and conditions of your policy and to ensure any activities you undertake are covered by your policy.