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Planning a holiday in Canada? Discover our top travel tips so you know the best time to visit, what there is to do, see, eat, drink, and more, all before you depart on your Canadian holiday. 

 

Visiting Canada

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Canada is a country steeped in captivating history, jaw-dropping natural beauty, and compelling culture. From the thunderous roar of Niagara Falls to the ethereal glow of the Northern Lights in Yukon, every corner of this enormous nation is filled with wonder.  

But before you traverse the magnificent Rocky Mountains in Alberta, explore the charming French-speaking cities of Quebec, or stand on the easternmost point of North America in Newfoundland, check out our travel guide for Canada holidays.  

It’ll help make your trip planning smoother, because you’ll know when the best time is to go, what to do while you’re there, where to stay, and how to get around, so you don’t waste a minute of your trip to Canada. 

 

“Canada is a popular travel destination for people who live in Australia — and not only because both countries share a love of various sports, the great outdoors, and friendly people. There is so much for visitors to explore during a holiday in Canada, which means planning is important.

“Even if you know exactly what things to do in Canada and when you want to go, it’s smart to research the area(s) you’re visiting before you start booking. If you do, you’re more likely to tick off all the experiences on your Canadian bucket list, plus have a safer, smoother holiday.”

Frank Harrison, Regional Security Director Americas at Cover-More Assist.

Jump to:

 

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What you need to know about Canada: essential destination information  

Gearing up for your Canadian escape? It's smart to brush up on a few specifics about your holiday destination while you’re in the planning phase.  

Here’s some useful information you'll want to know before you set off to explore the stunning expanses of this North American country. 

      

Language

Canada is a bilingual country: both English and French are official national languages. Don't worry if you're not a French speaker though; English is widely spoken across the country in most provinces, and those who speak French in the French-speaking province of Quebec often know English, too.

      

Currency

The Canadian Dollar (CAD) is the official currency of Canada. Historically, the CAD has a slightly stronger or similar value to the AUD, but it’s smart to check the current exchange rates on a trusted currency exchange website before you travel to understand today’s conversion rate.

      

Visa Requirements

Smartraveller says, “Australian passport holders must apply for an electronic travel authorisation (eTA) before travelling to Canada by air”, while those arriving by car, bus, train, or boat “don’t need an eTA or visitor visa, but you do need to bring the correct travel documents”. Check Smartraveller to understand what requirements apply to you before you depart.

      

Driving Side

Unlike in Australia, Canadians drive on the right-hand side. If you’re planning to hire a rental car in Canada, remember to check local traffic laws and licence requirements, wear a seatbelt, abide by speed limits, understand the dangers of driving during the winter months, and consider a comprehensive travel insurance plan with adequate rental vehicle cover before you depart.

      

Electric Plug

If you’re travelling to Canada from Australia, you’ll need to save some space in your luggage for an adapter. Canada uses Type A and B sockets (like the U.S,), so you’ll need to take an AU to CA adapter that has two flat parallel pins (Type A) or two flat parallel pins and a grounding pin (Type B). 

      

Electric Voltage

The standard voltage in Canada is 120V and the standard frequency is 60Hz, which is different to Australia where our standard voltage is 230V and 50Hz. It’s smart to check whether your devices (phones, tablets, etc.) and tools (hairdryers, straighteners, etc.) have a voltage switch or can be safely charged and used in Canada before departing.

      

Dialling Code

Want to be prepared in case you need to make a call in Canada? Canada's international dialling code is +1, which means you need to dial 1, followed by the area code and the local number to make a call. Remember, fees may apply based on your service provider's international calling rates, so make sure you’re across the rates before your dial.

      

Time Zone(s)

It’s not just Australia that has a lot of time zones — Canada spans a total of six time zones! From the easternmost Newfoundland Time Zone to the Pacific Time Zone in the west, you may find yourself adjusting your clocks more than once on your Canadian holiday depending on how far you venture across the beautiful vast country.

 

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Best time to visit Canada

Want to go to North America and are wondering when the best time to go to Canada is? The answer really depends on your personal interests and what you want to do in Canada…  

If you're after warmer weather and love the bustling atmosphere of outdoor events, the summer months are your best bet. If you're searching for snow-capped landscapes and thrilling winter sports or adventure activities, visiting any time from November to April could work for you. Or, if you’re into spring blooms or beautiful foliage, the shoulder seasons might just be your best time to visit Canada.

So, whether you're a summer sun-seeker, a winter wanderer, or an enthusiast explorer, Canada has something special Australian visitors in every season.

High Season

The high season in Canada typically runs from June through August. This period promises long, sunny days and a plethora of outdoor festivals. It's a splendid time for hiking, camping, and having an authentic picnic beside one of Canada's stunningly blue lakes. However, popular tourist spots might be crowded, so be prepared to share the beauty with others.

Low Season

The low season in Canada, which extends from November to April, offers its own — adventurous or calming — charm. If you're a fan of winter sports, this is definitely your ideal time to visit! Imagine skiing down Canada's sparkling slopes, trying a fun-filled dog-sled ride, or soaking up the tranquillity of a snow-covered landscape? Fewer tourists, lower prices in some spots, and a winter wonderland await you in Canada's low season.  

Shoulder Seasons

Sometimes, the best kept secrets are found in the shoulder seasons — spring (April to May) and autumn (September to October). During these months, you'll find milder weather and fewer tourists. Plus, the vibrant bursts of autumnal coloured foliage is a sight to behold, and spring brings blooming wildflowers across Canada's vast landscapes. Oh and if you’re a fan of animals, it's also an ideal time to visit for wildlife spotting.

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Things to do in Canada: 10 best events to attend  

Canada hosts an array of wonderful events throughout the year that cater to all sorts of interests. Here, we've cherry-picked 10 brilliant events for Australian looking for things to do in Canada while they’re on holiday, which offer a captivating glimpse into the Canadian spirit. 

#1. Quebec Winter Carnival

Embrace winter in Quebec City with ice palaces, snow sculptures, sleigh races, and the iconic Night Parade, all taking place from late January to mid-February.  

#2. Niagara Icewine Festival

Celebrate Ontario's Icewine production in January with wine tastings, gourmet food pairings, and Icewine-infused culinary creations.

#3. Winterlude

This February festival in Ottawa showcases Canada's love for winter with ice sculpture contests, snow playgrounds, and the world’s largest skating rink on the Rideau Canal.

#4. Vancouver Cherry Blossom Festival

Come April, Vancouver city transforms into a floral spectacle with Cherry Blossom tours, traditional Japanese celebrations, and a haiku contest. 

#5. Montreal Jazz Festival

One of the world's largest jazz festivals, this June/July event showcases over 3,000 artists from 30+ countries.

#6. Canada Day

Celebrated on July 1, this national holiday marks Canada's birth. Expect brilliant fireworks, parades, concerts, and, of course, plenty of red and white everywhere! 

#7. Calgary Stampede

Held across 10 days in July, this is “The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth”. Experience the thrill of rodeos, chuckwagon races, and indigenous exhibitions.  

#8. The Canadian National Exhibition

Running from mid-August to Labour Day, this is Canada's largest fair featuring concerts, food, rides, and a grand air show.

#9. Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF)

Rub shoulders with the stars in September. Each year, the festival screens over 300 films and draws top filmmakers from around the globe.

#10. Celtic Colours International Festival

In October, Cape Breton Island comes alive with Celtic music, dance, and workshops, all framed by stunning autumn foliage.    

 

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Things to do in Canada: 10 places to visit on a holiday

Planning a trip to North America and wondering what to do in Canada while you’re on holiday? As the world's second-largest country, Canada is a treasure trove of spectacular sights and immersive cultural experiences. Its vast and varied land offers something for everyone, from awe-inspiring natural wonders to vibrant cities rich in history, arts, and culinary delights.  

So, buckle up as we take you on a virtual tour of Canada's must-see spots and cultural highlights!

#1. Niagara Falls, Ontario

No visit to Canada would be complete without witnessing the thundering spectacle of Niagara Falls. You can admire the falls from various vantage points or get up close on a Hornblower boat cruise.

#2. Banff National Park, Alberta

This stunning national park is home to turquoise lakes, snow-capped peaks, and abundant wildlife. Embark on scenic hikes, cruise on Lake Minnewanka, or soak in the Banff Upper Hot Springs.

#3. Old Québec, Québec City

Declared a UNESCO World Heritage site, this historic neighbourhood is a living museum of narrow cobblestone streets, centuries-old buildings, and the iconic Château Frontenac.

#4. CN Tower, Toronto

Ascend to the top of Canada's tallest tower for panoramic views of Toronto or dine in the revolving restaurant for an unforgettable culinary experience.

#5. Stanley Park, Vancouver

Explore this urban oasis on foot, by bike, or by horse-drawn carriage, taking in landmarks including the Brockton Point Lighthouse and Totem Poles.

#6. Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia

This picturesque fishing village is famous for its historic lighthouse perched atop a wave-lashed granite outcrop.

#7. Churchill, Manitoba

Known as the “Polar Bear Capital of the World”, Churchill is one of the few places on earth where you can see these magnificent creatures in the wild.

#8. Butchart Gardens, British Columbia

Marvel at the stunning floral displays in these world-renowned gardens, which transform with the seasons.

#9. Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland and Labrador

This UNESCO World Heritage site boasts striking geological features, including towering fjords and the earth's exposed mantle.

#10. Capilano Suspension Bridge, Vancouver

Conquer your fear of heights on this breathtaking suspension bridge stretching 137m across and 70m above the Capilano River. 

 

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Things to do in Canada: 10 cultural highlights for tourists

#1. First Nations Culture

Experience the rich heritage of Canada's indigenous peoples at cultural centres such as the Squamish Lil'wat Cultural Centre in Whistler or the U'mista Cultural Centre in Alert Bay.

#2. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto

Discover world cultures and natural history through its impressive collection of artifacts and exhibitions.

#3. Calgary Stampede

Embrace the cowboy culture at this annual rodeo, exhibition, and festival.

#4. Quebec Winter Carnival

Join in the celebration of winter with parades, snow sculptures, and plenty of outdoor fun.

#5. Just for Laughs, Montreal

Be part of the world's largest international comedy festival featuring performances by both established and emerging comedians.

#6. Stratford Festival, Stratford

Experience top-notch theatre, from Shakespearean classics to contemporary plays and musicals.

#7. Ottawa's ByWard Market

Soak in the lively atmosphere of this historic market, packed with boutiques, galleries, and eateries serving BeaverTails — a Canadian specialty.

#8. Montreal International Jazz Festival

Groove to the rhythm at one of the world's largest jazz festivals, showcasing thousands of artists from around the globe.

#9. The Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto

Admire an extensive collection of Canadian and indigenous art, as well as masterpieces from Europe and Africa.

#10. The Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21, Halifax

Walk in the footsteps of immigrants who came to Canada via Pier 21, gaining insight into the nation's immigration history. 

 

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What to eat and drink in Canada: 5 delicacies to try

Canadian cuisine is as diverse as its landscape, offering a variety of flavours and dishes that echo the country's rich tapestry of cultures. Your next holiday could be a culinary journey takes you from coast to coast, exploring iconic dishes that Canadians call their own.  

Here is our list of the top five food and drinks to try when visiting Canada from Australia:

#1. Poutine

Originating in Quebec, this culinary gem is a delightful marriage of crispy chips, rich gravy, and squeaky cheese curds. Savour it at a roadside chip wagon or a chic bistro—it's the country's ultimate comfort food.

#2. Butter tarts

A sweet treat not to be missed! These scrumptious tarts are filled with a gooey blend of butter, sugar, and eggs, often studded with raisins or pecans. Perfect for satisfying your sweet tooth.

#3. Montreal-style bagels

Smaller, thinner, and sweeter than their New York cousins, these bagels are a must-try. Pair it with Montreal's famous smoked meat for a truly hearty meal.

#4. Caesar

Dubbed as Canada's unofficial national cocktail, this tomato-clam based drink is a vibrant melange of flavours. Served chilled with a celery stalk, it's a perfect sipper for a balmy evening.

#5. Icewine

Produced from grapes left to freeze naturally on the vine, this sweet, luxurious wine is a treat for your palate. A visit to Ontario's Niagara Peninsula, the world's leading Icewine producer, is a must for wine lovers. 

 

Most popular Canadian airports to fly into from Australia

For those planning a trip to Canada, choosing the right airport can make all the difference to your trip.  

Here, we have curated a list of Canada’s top airports to fly into from Australia, all which offer the usual services and facilities you’d expect from an international airport while also being close to some of the most iconic Canadian tourist hotspots. 

Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ)

 

Vancouver International Airport (YVR)

 

Calgary International Airport (YYC)

 

Montreal-Pierre Elliot Trudeau International Airport (YUL)

 

Halifax Stanfield International Airport (YHZ))

 

As Canada's largest and busiest airport, Toronto Pearson offers a multitude of flights, making it a popular choice for travellers holidaying in Canada from Australia. With a wide range of dining options, shopping areas, and excellent transportation links to downtown Toronto, it's a great starting point for your Canadian adventure.     

 

 

Known for its stunning architecture, indigenous art displays, and exceptional service, Vancouver International is consistently ranked as one of the world's best airports. It's the perfect gateway to the breathtaking beauty of British Columbia.                    
 

 

If the enchanting landscapes of Alberta are calling your name, make Calgary International your first stop. With its easy access to the Rocky Mountains and Banff National Park, it’s an outdoor enthusiast's dream.

 

 

For a taste of European charm in Canada, fly to Montreal. The airport is well-connected, offering easy access to the city’s vibrant culture, historic sites, and mouth-watering culinary scene.                    
 

 

Head to Nova Scotia via the Halifax Stanfield Airport for an authentic Maritime experience. It's the perfect launching point for exploring the rugged coastline, historic lighthouses, and the incredible seafood of Canada’s East Coast.

 

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How to get around in Canada: Best transport options for tourists

Navigating the vast and diverse landscapes of Canada can be an adventure in itself. Fortunately, Canada's transportation system is efficient, reliable, and varied, offering several ways for you to explore the country at your own pace.  

Buckle up for a quick guide on how to get around in Canada.

 

     

Bicycling

Japan is incredibly bike-friendly. Cycling is a fantastic way to explore both the bustling cityscapes and the serene countryside at your own pace. Many cities offer bicycle rental services, often conveniently located near major train stations, making it exceptionally easy to hop on two wheels and start your adventure.

     

Public Transport

Arguably the backbone of the country's transport network, Japan's public transport system is remarkably efficient.

Japan's long-distance bus network is a cost-effective option for intercity travel. Japan's high-speed Shinkansen bullet trains offer a fast, reliable, and comfortable travel experience across the country. In main tourist areas, trams offer a charming and convenient way to get around with a scenic view of the city's streets.  

     

Taxis and Ride Apps

Taxis are widely available across Japan's cities and towns, and are a convenient, though slightly expensive, mode of transport. Most taxis accept credit cards, and some even have free Wi-Fi. Ride-share apps like Uber are less prevalent, but still an option in major cities like Tokyo and Osaka.

 
 

 

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Where to stay during holidays to Canada: 10 top neighbourhoods for tourists

When planning your dream Canadian getaway, the location of your accommodation can greatly influence your experience, so it pays to do your research.

Whether you're looking for the hustle and bustle of city life, the charm of historic architecture, or the allure of vibrant arts and food scenes, Canada's diverse neighbourhoods have got you covered.  

From the vibrant streets of Toronto's Kensington Market to the quaint, historic charm of Quebec's Old Port, here's a roundup of the top 10 Canadian neighbourhoods to make your home away from home during your visit.

#1. Kensington Market, Toronto

A multicultural melting pot, Kensington Market is an eclectic neighbourhood known for its vibrant street art, indie shops, and a plethora of cuisines from around the world. It's a foodie's paradise!

#2. Old Port, Quebec City

Steeped in history, Old Port is a picturesque neighbourhood with narrow cobblestone streets, historic buildings, and charming bistros. It's like stepping back in time.

#3. The ByWard Market, Ottawa

One of Canada's oldest and largest public markets, this area offers a mix of shopping, dining, arts, and entertainment options. Don't forget to try the famous BeaverTails pastry!

#4. Yaletown, Vancouver

Once a heavy industrial area, Yaletown has transformed into a hip, upscale neighbourhood, filled with boutique shops, trendy restaurants, and beautiful waterfront parks.

#5. The North End, Halifax

Known for its vibrant arts scene, unique boutiques, and delicious eateries, the North End is a must-visit for travellers looking to be immersed in Canadian culture.

#6. The Plateau, Montreal

Known for its bohemian vibe, the Plateau is filled with colourful Victorian houses, trendy eateries, chic boutiques, and some of Montreal's best bagel shops.

#7. Inglewood, Calgary

Calgary's oldest neighbourhood, Inglewood, is full of character with its historic buildings, indie boutiques, art galleries, and pubs with live music.

#8. The Forks, Winnipeg

This historic site at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers has been a meeting place for over 6,000 years. Today, it's a bustling hub of food, shopping, and entertainment.

#9. Old Strathcona, Edmonton

The city's theatre district, Old Strathcona, is packed with independent shops, restaurants, and vibrant nightlife, making it a fun place to stay.

#10. James Bay, Victoria

With its charming Victorian houses, beautiful parks, and scenic coastline, James Bay is one of Victoria's most appealing neighbourhoods.

 

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What to pack for holidays to Canada  

If you're reading this, you now know the best time to visit Canada and what to do what you’re there, which means you're one step closer to setting foot in the magnificent Canadian landscapes!  

After booking your trip from Australia to Canada, the next important step is planning what you need to pack, and we're here to make sure you have all the essentials in your suitcase.  

Remember, packing right can set the tone for a less stressful and more enjoyable trip. Plus, as you check off these items, you’ll almost be able to feel the excitement of stepping off the plane and ready to jump into your Canadian adventure.

So, let's dive into our list of must-pack items for Canadian holidays.

Passport and identification

Just like on an international trip, Australians need a valid passport to enter the country. Keep this travel document safe when it’s not in use.

Weather-appropriate clothing

Given Canada's diverse climate, packing layers is key. Bring a sturdy pair of walking shoes, a waterproof jacket, and don't forget your swimsuit for those beautiful Canadian lakes and hot springs.

Toiletries

While most Canadian accommodations will provide basic toiletries, it's a good idea to bring travel-sized versions of your favourites. And don't forget your SPF – even though you may be used to the Australian heat, the Canadian sun can be surprisingly strong, especially in the mountains!

Camera

From the sweeping vistas of the Rocky Mountains to the charming streets of Quebec City, there are countless photo ops. Pack a camera to capture these wonderful moments.

Power adapters

Canada uses Type A or Type B plugs (like the U.S.), so make sure you’ve got the right adapters for your Australian Type I plugs to charge your devices and tools during your holiday to Canada.

Health essentials

Pack a basic first aid kit, prescription medicines, and any other necessary health items. Although Canada has excellent healthcare facilities, it's always best to be prepared.

Snacks

Though Canada is known for its delicious cuisines, packing some of your favourite snacks will keep hunger at bay during those long explorations.

Reusable water bottle

Staying hydrated during your trip is essential, and it's also a greener choice. There are plenty of public water fountains where you can refill your bottle.

Map and guidebook

While digital maps are great, having a physical map or guidebook as a backup can be a lifesaver in areas with poor signal.

Travel insurance

No matter which places or events in our Canada travel guide you choose to visit or attend, it’s always wise to consider protecting your trip with travel insurance. After all, you never know when you’ll need financial support or emergency assistance!  

Travel safety app

Great travel apps can help you plan better, save money and time, and help keep you safer. If you’re a Cover-More travel insurance policyholder, why not download our travel safety app and register your upcoming trip to Canada? Our award-winning Cover-More app provides real-time, proactive safety information and tap-to-call emergency assistance to help travellers from Australia like you make smarter decisions and stay safer. 

 

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8 French words and phrases to know when visiting Canada

Although English is widely spoken, Canada is proudly bilingual, with French being the official language of the Quebec province.  

So, why not add a splash of “joie de vivre” to your trip by learning some local French words and phrases? Doing so can make your journey even richer, and the locals will absolutely love it!  

Here are our top eight to get you started:

#1. Bonjour (Hello)

Use this to greet people any time before evening. People will appreciate your effort, and it's an excellent way to start any interaction on a good note.  

#2. Merci (Thank you)

It's always polite to express gratitude when someone helps you out or gives you directions. A little “Merci” can go a long way!

#3. Excusez-moi (Excuse me)

Need to catch someone's attention or apologize? This can be your go-to phrase. It's particularly useful in crowded places or when navigating busy city streets.

#4. Où est...? (Where is...?)

This phrase is essential when asking for directions. Just add the place you're looking for at the end of the question, like “Où est le musée?” when looking for a museum.

#5. S'il vous plaît (Please)

This is a vital tool in your linguistic arsenal. Whether you're ordering poutine or asking for guidance, don't forget to say “S'il vous plaît.”

#6. Combien ça coûte? (How much does it cost?)

Hitting the shop during your trip to Canada? This phrase will be invaluable when you're bargaining or simply buying souvenirs.

#7. Parlez-vous anglais? (Do you speak English?)

If you're struggling with your French, ask this phrase first. Many Canadians are bilingual and will gladly switch to English to help you out.

#8.Au revoir (Goodbye/See you later)

This phrase is a friendly way to end a conversation or bid farewell to your newfound Canadian friends in Quebec province or beyond. 

 

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Public holidays to keep in mind when planning your Canada trip

Before packing your bags, don't forget to consider Canada's public holidays. These special days might just add that extra flair of culture and fun to your trip, or, depending on your plans, require a bit more scheduling. So, whether you wish to join the cultural festivities or steer clear of the holiday hustle and bustle, knowing Canada's public holidays puts you in control of your adventure.

Here are some of the most well-known public holidays to consider when deciding on the best time to visit Canada for you and your loved ones:

New Year's Day (January 1)

Like Australia, Canada rings in the New Year with much fanfare. Expect fun-filled parties, dazzling fireworks, and cheerful celebrations on the eve of the New Year.

Good Friday and Easter Monday (March/April)

Expect some closures on these Christian observance days. If you’re visiting at this time, don't miss the Easter parades, though; they're egg-straordinary!

Victoria Day (Monday on or before May 24)

This holiday, also known as 'May Two-Four', celebrates Queen Victoria's birthday. It's considered the unofficial start of summer, so expect fireworks, parades, and plenty of outdoor activities!

Canada Day (July 1)

Think Australia Day, but Canadian style! This nationwide celebration of Canada's birthday includes parades, fireworks, barbecues, and live concerts.

Labour Day (First Monday in September)

Each year, Canada celebrates this holiday to honour workers. It's also the unofficial end of summer, so expect lively street fairs and parades.

Thanksgiving (Second Monday in October)

Yes, it’s not just the Americans who celebrate this holiday, Canadians celebrate Thanksgiving too — but in October! It's a day to give thanks for good fortune and a good harvest that typically involves a feast of turkey, stuffing, and a whole lot of pie.

Remembrance Day (November 11)

Like in Australia, this is a solemn day to honour the fallen. You'll witness ceremonies at war memorials, cenotaphs, and military graves.

Christmas Day (December 25)

Just like home, Canada gets into the festive spirit with dazzling lights, holiday markets, and joyful celebrations.


Ready to head of on a trip to Canada?

Discover how Cover-More travel insurance can help safeguard your Canadian holiday.